coal quality of the former soviet union

Former Soviet Union

Former Soviet Union. Through our partner organization, the JDC, the Claims Conference provides food, medical care, transportation and emotional support to thousands of Jewish victims of Nazi persecution in need in the former Soviet Union. Elderly Nazi victims residing in the former Soviet Union (FSU) are among the neediest Jews in the world ...

Hot Coal, Cold Steel: Russian and Ukrainian Workers from ...

Coal miners in the final years of the Soviet Union effectively organized and led strikes which supported the end of Communism, even though their heavy subsidies would be threatened by capitalism. Steel workers, in contrast, did not effectively organize and strike.

Tkuarchal, Abkhazia – a former coal capital trying to survive

 · People came here from Sukhum and Gagra for the scarce goods. The miner''s profession in the Soviet Union was then held in high esteem." Decline . Today, the city''s former greatness and attention is perceived as a sweet dream. In the late eighties, with the decline of the Soviet economy, a gradual outflow of the population of Tkuarchal began.

Comparison of coal resource methodology of the Republic of ...

 · Comparison of coal resource methodology of the Republic of Armenia (former USSR) and the U.S. Geological Survey

Quality of Life in the Soviet Union: A Conference Report

Soviet Union for the benefit of'' the elites, while most Soviet citizen s must make due with the much lower quality general health care system. While the Soviet Union has the largest number of hospital beds pe r capita in the world, the medical system is over-bureaucratized and routinized, and is plagued by chronic shortages of most health care

Coal Gasification

Underground coal gasification has been the subject of intense research and field trials since the Second World War in the former Soviet Union (FSU), Asia, Europe and, not least, in the USA, where the development programme in the 1970s and 1980s extended …

The World Coal Quality Inventory: A status report ...

 · Two other CD-ROMs have been published: Coal Geology, Land Use, and Human Health in the Peoples Republic of China (Karlsen et al., 2001) and Coal Quality and Resources of the Former Soviet Union—An ArcView project (Brownfield et al., 2001). The CD-ROM currently in preparation is a report on coal quality of WoCQI samples for the coal-producing ...

Coal quality and resources of the former Soviet Union

Request PDF | Coal quality and resources of the former Soviet Union - an ArcView project | The USGS Energy Resources Program, in response to the need for scientific support for national and ...

GeoWeb Search Results

2001. Vernadsky State Geological Museum. This shapefile contains points that describe coal locations with associated coal quality data in the countries comprising the Former Soviet Union. ... U.S. Geological Survey.

United Mine Workers

The United Mine Workers of America (UMW or UMWA) is a North American labor union best known for representing coal miners. Today, the Union also represents health care workers, truck drivers, manufacturing workers and public employees in the United States and Canada. Although its main focus has always been on workers and their rights, the UMW of today also advocates for better roads, …

Beyond the Archive | Perspectives on History | AHA

 · The coal data is used with permission from Michael Brownfield et al., "Coal Quality and Resources of the Former Soviet Union: An ArcView Project." This additional archival research corroborated the information suggested in the maps.

Digital Mapping – German POWs in the USSR – Susan Grunewald

"German Prisoners of War in the Soviet Union: Life, Law, Memory, 1941-1956," PhD Dissertation, Carnegie Mellon University, 2019. ... ² Coal basin data is from Michael Brownfield et al., "Coal Quality and Resources of the Former Soviet Union: ...

Underground Coal Gasification | netl.doe.gov

Two different methods of UCG have evolved, and both are commercially available. The first, based on technology from the former Soviet Union, uses vertical wells and a method like reverse combustion to open up the internal pathways in the coal. The process has been used in several operating facilities and demonstration projects.

Vorkutlag

The city of Vorkuta was established to support the camp, which was constructed to exploit the resources of the Pechora Coal Basin, the second largest coal basin in the Soviet Union. There were approximately 132 sub-camps in the Vorkuta Gulag system during the height of its use in the Soviet prison system.

Coal resources, production and use in the Russian ...

 · The coal-mining industry in the former Soviet Union steadily progressed up to the end of the 1980s . The maximum coal production of 430 Mt was attained in 1988. The dramatic decrease in coal mining during the following 10 years took place as a result of market reforms in the economy.

Coal deposits of the Former Soviet Union

Coal Quality and Resources of the Former Soviet Union - An ArcView Project Publication_Information: Publication_Place: Denver, CO. U.S.A. Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey Description: Abstract: This shapefile contains arcs, polygons and polygon labels that describe coal deposits in the countries comprising the Former Soviet Union.

Fiona Hill: UK coal miner''s daughter turned top US Russia ...

 · Fiona Hill: UK coal miner''s daughter turned top US Russia expert. When former White House national security adviser Fiona Hill took to the stand to …

FSUOGM

Russia and the other former Soviet republics are often viewed as remote and obscure, but FSU OGM sheds light on the vital role these countries play in world energy markets. It explains the region''s status as a key player in the EU''s energy planning, while also focusing on the progress of efforts to expand deliveries to Asia.

Why Socialism Causes Pollution

 · The Soviet Union In the Soviet Union there was a vast body of environmental law and regulation that purportedly protected the public interest, but these constraints have had no perceivable benefit. The Soviet Union, like all socialist countries, suffered from a massive "tragedy of the commons," to borrow the term used by biologist Garrett ...

Asia leads growth in global coal production since 1980 ...

 · Coal production has trailed off in the United Kingdom too, down 86% since 1980. Former Soviet Union (FSU). Coal production in the countries that occupy the land area of the FSU peaked in 1990 and was down 31% since 1980. FSU''s current 7% share of global coal production was down from a 19% share of global coal production in 1980.

THE FUTURE OF COAL

FSU – Former Soviet Union ... deposits, declining coal quality and excessively high production costs. Although indigenous lignite production is still cost-competitive with hard coal

Coal Quality of the Former Soviet Union

43  ·  · Approximate coal rank relationships between the Former Soviet Union (GOSSTANDART) and United States (ASTM) coal classifications. Exact equivalence of a particular sample is difficult because the conditions of sample handling, chemical analyses and variation in usage of terms by the coal industry in the Former Soviet Union is often unclear.

Progress in Energy and Combustion Science

2.1. Early efforts in former Soviet Union TagedPEfforts to develop UCG methods started in the 1930s in the for-mer Soviet Union. Initial experiments were conducted on a range of coals in three coal basins: the Moscow, Donetsk and Kuznetsk with some of the early attempts aimed at …

What the Soviet Union was really like: 25 weird and ...

 · 15. Georgian food. Food in the former Soviet Union today is delicious and unrecognisable from the mystery meat cutlets and buckwheat that visitors used to be served. But one bright spot in the old ...

Coal Bearing Territories of the Former Soviet Union

This spatial dataset is intended to delineate coal-bearing territories and coal deposits of the Former Soviet Union in U.S.G.S. Open File Report 01-104, Coal Quality and Resources of the Former Soviet Union - An ArcView Project.

Economy of the Soviet Union

The Soviet Union became the world''s leading producer of oil, coal, iron ore and cement; manganese, gold, natural gas and other minerals were also of major importance. However, information about the Soviet famine of 1932–1933 was suppressed by the Soviet authorities until perestroika .

Coal locations with associated datasets of the Former ...

This shapefile contains points that describe coal locations with associated coal quality data in the countries comprising the Former Soviet Union. (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan.) This spatial dataset is available as an ArcView shapefile, an Arc/Info export file, an Arc ...

Coal Basins of the Former Soviet Union

This spatial dataset is intended to delineate coal-bearing territories and coal deposits of the Former Soviet Union in U.S.G.S. Open File Report 01-104, Coal Quality and Resources of the Former Soviet Union - An ArcView Project.

Soviet Union''s Karaganda coalfield (Journal Article ...

The Karaganda coal field of the Soviet Union covers 1400 square miles and has estimated reserves of 7.5 billion metric tons. The predominant method of mining is longwall retreating. The Karaganda is divided into several separated mines, and these are described separately. Other topics discussed include safety, mine transport, coal preparation ...

The Formation and Evolution of the Soviet Union''s Oil and ...

 · Between the end of World War II and the mid-1960s, the Soviet Union''s economy was one of the most vibrant in the world. The country had successfully launched the first man into space and was competing with the United States in developing cutting-edge military technology. However, by the end of the 1980s, the economy was in a miserable state.

The Soviet Union Under Stalin

industrial complexes rose across the Soviet Union. Oil, coal, and steel production grew. Mining expanded, and new railroads were built. Despite the impressive progress in some areas, Soviet workers had lit-tle to show for their efforts. Some former peasants did become skilled fac-tory workers or managers. Overall, though, the standard of living

Soviet Miners'' Strike Grows; 100,000 Join In

 · A weeklong strike by Soviet coal miners demanding better supplies of food, safer working conditions, more housing and an environmental cleanup around their …

Coal, Oil, and Gas for the Twenty-First Century

followed by natural gas and then by coal (Figure 1). It has been only in the past year that natural gas has surpassed coal as an energy source on a worldwide basis, mainly because of the recent decline of coal production in the former Soviet Union and China. The primary energy production from the major producing regions of the world for the

Energy policy of the Soviet Union

The energy policy of the Soviet Union was an important feature of the country''s planned economy from the time of Lenin (head of government until 1924) onward. The Soviet Union was virtually self-sufficient in energy; major development of the energy sector started with Stalin''s autarky policy of the 1920s. During the country''s 70 years of existence (1922-1991), it primarily secured economic ...

(PDF) The World Coal Quality Inventory: A status report

The Coal Quality and Resou rces of the Former Soviet Union (FSU) ArcView project is a complex and dynamic geologic publication that required many different …

USSR Coal Production (DISCONTINUED)

USSR Coal Production (DISCONTINUED) is at a current level of 761.91M, down from 774.78M one year ago. This is a change of -1.66% from one year ago.

David Humphreys

The second reason was the economic slowdown and eventual collapse of the Soviet Union. Between 1990 and 2000, the economies of the former Soviet Union (FSU) shrank in size by over a third.3 Both these developments had a severe negative impact on global demand for minerals. There was, however, a bit more to it than this.

Coal in Russia

Coal is one of the largest sources of energy in Russia, accounting for 14.4% of the country''s electricity consumption. The prominence of coal power in Russia has been declining since 1990, although Russia has among the largest coal reserves in the world. Russia is the fifth largest consumer of coal in the world and is the sixth largest producer of coal.

Life in Stalin''s Gulags

 · Zharuk then took to the coal mines to make a living but suffered a debilitating injury in 2005. He now subsists, with his wife and two sons, on a pension of 15,000 rubles ($490) a month.

Above the Arctic Circle, a once-flourishing Russian coal ...

 · The ethnic German minority in the Soviet Union was considered a security risk during World War II, and many were sent to the north of the Soviet Union and Central Asia to …

Chapter 7 COAL

Most of the world''s coal exists in the northern hemisphere. The United States, former Soviet Union and China together possess more than 80% of the ultimately recoverable resources (see Figure 7-1). It is important to remember that most of the world''s land mass also exists in the northern hemisphere. Furthermore, many of the nations of the southern

(PDF) SOVIET EXPERIENCE OF UNDERGROUND COAL GASIFICATION ...

The former Soviet Union countries have a long history of developing the science related to UCG and experimenting with its application. ... reviewing the Soviet coal gasification power stations ...

Method for Calculating the Gross Calorific Value of Coal ...

The comprehensive analysis of 63 test samples of coal concentrates from Ukraine, the Russian Federation, and countries outside the former Soviet Union (the United States, Canada, Australia, and ...